For many years the European Court of Human Rights struggled with the problem of similar, repetitive cases. One of the ideas for its solution was the introduction of the procedure of a judicial institution – the ECHR judgment pilot. The first judgment of this kind was passed in 2004 in the case of Broniewski against Poland, whereas in the last decade there have been more than twenty verdicts ruled using this institution. The following article includes a discussion of the origins of the pilot-judgment, discharge procedure and practical problems, which are indicated in the doctrine. These kinds of judgments were caused by the reluctance of the Member States regarding the creation of 14 regulations in the Protocol referring to the pilot procedure.