impact of reforms of 1973 and 1983 on the status of a voivode ; voivode as an organ of general authority in interwar Poland ; position of a voivode in the first years of communist transformations of local authorities
The institution of a voivode has been and still is one of the fundamental institutions in Polish public administration. Its development has been influenced by transformations of the political system, which have over years shaped different structural models of local territorial administration in Poland. This is why when making the assessment of the role and position of the voivode in each of the periods examined (1919–1939, 1944–1950, 1973–1990) the transformations occurring in the political and administrative system in each of those periods had to be taken into account. Otherwise full understanding of the function performed by a given voivode in given social and political environment and conditions would have been limited. Starting from 1919 until 1950, a voivode performed different functions, of which the two main ones were: the function of a government’s representative and that of a general administration body. In 1950 the institution of a voivode was abandoned but it was again revived in 1973 when the function of a government’s representative and a state administration body had been preserved, but new competences were given and included those of an enforcement and administration organ of the regional (voivodeship) national council. The subsequent reform implemented in 1983 did not change much of this status quo.