Summarizing conclusions from previous chapters, the author stresses the dynamic character of relations between nation-states and the region of Silesia. During the period under consideration, Silesia as it was built during the Middle Ages and early modern period disappeared. Traditional regional bonds weakened. The governments of all three states (Czechoslovakia, Germany and Poland) focused on the incorporation of Silesians into their respective nations. As each pursued a different strategy, three – or even four – separate regions slowly started to emerge. Yet they never matured. The outbreak of the Second World War and the geopolitical upheaval after its conclusion demolished these new social structures. The future of the region after 1945 was unpredictable.