The aim of the article is to research the presence of the violence towards children in the family environment in the technical press and social journals in the Kingdom of Poland at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The crucial task is the analyses of the publicists, intellectuals and community activists’ texts in respect of the kind of problems connected with physical and sexual violence against children, which appeared in the social and science journals. Another big issue is the choice of criteria used in explaining those problems. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries there was a sudden growth of interest in issues of violence against children and young persons. Publicists tried to capture audience attentionto condition of children in dysfunctional families, which earlier was taboo. The aim of this was to awaken people’ sense of responsibility. The issue of the violence was explained by conceptual apparatus and theoretical arrangements from the field of pedagogy and sciences connected with it.